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I've liked the line ever since first reading the May Model Railroader article on it. I'm a big fan of granger railroading and have finished a basement layout room approximately 13'x27' to build my railroad in. I'm looking at adding a few SDs as well. If you ever happen to be in the Detroit Mich.
Dan Mitzel Oxford, Mich. Good Job guys and keep up the good work Thanks James Pullin. I Like your pictures of , my grandfather worked on the Eagle Picher RR as an Engineer, he ran an engine just like that. Do you have any pictures of the any of the EP engines under steam? Nice site; nice layout; good operation plan. Pleasant TX Railroad set in the 's's for my third-car garage. I have a 9x20 foot area that I can use minus clearances for 2 doors and the breaker box!
The timetable had a doodlebug leaving Mt. Maybe we'll see some of your cars in consists on the PMP as long as they aren't in a hurry! Kent Horton kenth earthlink. Great website. I model the A. Will visit your site more often. Terry Smith, Tulsa. Hey Guys! There black with dark yellow lettering and detail. As a 3-rail O gauge Frisco runner, I enjoy this road very much. Have visited this web site from time to time to see if I'm missing anything and to catch up on the news.
They have made it their mission to purchase restored Frisco rolling stock and head end power. Take a visit, www. Carathers Kilgore, TX. My granddad was a section foreman at Snyder. Enjoy checking in to see if he is at work. Thanks for the useful site. Keep up the good work. God bless you and keep you. Erase this message and you will never see it again. Am very familar with this line because I grew up with my grandfather 5mi east and 2mi north of Manitou. Many stories about this area and RR.
Have enjoyed the site in the past. Just now located it again. The last "what's new was in Have you abandon work or "What's happened? I enjoyed your site; and I have always liked The Frisco. I like your plan and it looks like you are doing some nice work getting it finished. I will love to see it as it progresses. If I think of it, I will write back. Jim Snyder Monterey, CA. It is important that the cards are shuffled well and randomly to prevent players from having an advantage if they know the position of specific cards or groups of cards in the final order of the cards provided during game play.
At the same time, it is advantageous that the card s are shuffled in a very short period of time so that the dead time is minimal during the game game. Johnson et al. En ese momento, se crea un hueco entre los montones. The distribution sensor is coupled to the transfer element to cause the transfer of a letter to the distribution station when the distribution sensor detects the absence of a letter in the distribution station.
The individual cards supplied from the charging station are randomly inserted through an insertion element in different positions of the main pile randomly selected to obtain a randomly shuffled main pile from which the cards are distributed individually. The insertion element includes a vertically adjustable gripping element to separate the main pile into two separate sub-buckets to allow the insertion element to insert a letter between the sub-piles.
The gripping element can be placed vertically along the edges of the main pile. After the grip, the upper portion of the pile rises, forming two sub-bumps. At that time, a gap is created between the piles. De manera similar, Johnson et al. Similarly, Johnson et al. The separating mechanism allows the introduction of letters from the secondary pile into the main pile in those positions.
The separating mechanism grabs the cards from a series of positions along the pile and elevates those cards to the same level or above the separation mechanism to define spaces in the main pile for the introduction of cards from the secondary pile. En la Patente Estadounidense n. In US Patent No. Breeding et al. En los cargadores hay unos elevadores para poner en contacto las cartas con los desplazadores de cartas. The device includes a first loader that extends vertically to receive a lot of playing cards without shuffling, and a second and third chargers that extend vertically to receive a pile of cards each, where the second and third loaders are separated horizontally from and adjacent to the first loader.
Above the first loader is a first card shifter to move the cards from the top of the heap of cards of the first loader to the second and third loaders to cut the heap of playing cards without shuffling in two piles without shuffling. On top of the second and third magazines there is a second and third card shifters, respectively, to move the cards randomly from the top of the piles of cards of the second and third magazines, respectively, back to the first loader, thus inserting the cards to form a bunch of vertically shuffled cards registered in the first magazine.
In the loaders there are elevators to put the cards in contact with the card shifters. Sines et al. Ventajosamente se utilizan una serie de extractores para ayudar a sacar las cartas de juego del conjunto de entrada.
There are one or more ejectors mounted next to the pile holder without shuffling to eject the input set cards in several random positions. Preferably there are multiple ejectors mounted on a mobile car. Advantageously, a series of extractors are used to help remove the game cards from the input set. Resistance elements are used to provide opposing forces that oppose the displacement of the cards, thus providing a more selective ejection of the cards in the input assembly.
The automatic game card shuffler comprises a frame; a non-shuffled pile of cards holder to hold a set of non-shuffled cards in a stacked form where adjacent cards come into physical contact with each other and form a pile without shuffling; a receiver of shuffled sets to receive a set of shuffled playing cards; at least one ejector to eject game cards that are placed in different positions inside the pile without shuffling; and a drive that can be controlled so that it occupies a plurality of different relative positions between the pile holder without shuffling and the ejector at least.
Grauzer et al. In an example of the invention, the storage assembly is a carousel containing a plurality of storage compartments for the letters. En la solicitud de Patente Estadounidense pendiente con el n. En una zona de recogida de cartas hay una superficie de recogida para recibir las cartas de juego aleatorias, recibiendo la superficie de recogida las cartas de modo que todas las cartas sean recibidas debajo de la superficie superior del dispositivo.
Hay incluido un elevador para elevar la superficie de recogida de modo que al menos algunas de las cartas aleatorias sean elevadas hasta al menos la superficie superior del dispositivo. A randomization system is included to randomize the initial game card group. In a card collection area there is a collection surface to receive the random playing cards, the card collecting surface receiving so that all the cards are received below the upper surface of the device.
An elevator is included to raise the collection surface so that at least some of the random cards are raised to at least the upper surface of the device. A system is described in charge of collecting segments of the piles and inserting the cards in a hole created when lifting the pile.
There is a card separator mechanism to separate the cards in a series of positions along the main pile. The separating mechanism grabs the cards from the series of positions along the pile and raises those cards to define a space in the main pile for the introduction of cards in the secondary pile.
En la Patente Estadounidense 6. US 6,, discloses a machine for shuffling multiple decks of playing cards that has three chargers that extend vertically. Letter shifters placed on top of the magazines move the cards between the piles to create a pile of shuffled cards interspersed in the first magazine. Although these and other structures are already available for the manufacture of shuffling cards, new improvements and new designs would be desirable.
In particular, it would be desirable to provide a shuffler of the batch type that is faster, provides a random shuffle and that is more compact than the currently available shuffler designs. In the invention there is presented a device for handling cards according to claim 1 and a method for shuffling cards according to claim A device for the formation of a group of playing cards in a random order is also described.
The device includes an upper surface and a lower surface, and a card receiving area for receiving a group of initial game cards. An automatic system is included in the device to precisely calibrate the vertical position of the collection surface and identify positions of specific card levels in the piles of cards that are placed on the collection surface. Sensors are used to identify at least one position of the card levels and positions of the support surface to calibrate the performance of the card collection handles, the positions of the platform and the positions of the cards on the platform.
The device performs a calibration routine, and that automatic calibration routine ensures a high level of device performance and reduces or eliminates the need for initial and periodic manual calibration and technical maintenance of the device.
En una zona de recogida de cartas hay una superficie de recogida para recibir las cartas de juego aleatorias. A device according to claim 1 for forming a random group of playing cards is described. The device includes an upper surface and a lower surface, and a reception area for receiving a group of initial game cards. In a card collection area there is a collection surface to receive random playing cards.
In one form of the invention, a card feeding mechanism transfers letters individually from the reception area to the card collection area. The device also includes an elevator to raise and lower the collection surface within the card collection area. At least one card support element disposed within the card collection zone supports and suspends a randomly determined number of cards within the card collection area. In an example of the invention, a pair of separate gripping members are included to grip opposite edges of the group of cards that is suspended.
In the card collection zone, a card insertion point has been created below the randomly determined group of cards. The card feeding mechanism supplies a letter to the insertion point. El dispositivo incluye un microprocesador con una memoria para controlar el funcionamiento del dispositivo.
Hay incluido un compartimento de entrada para recibir las cartas a aleatorizar. Un mecanismo desplazador de cartas mueve individualmente las cartas desde el compartimento de entrada hasta un compartimento de mezcla de cartas. El compartimento de mezcla de cartas incluye una pluralidad de soportes sustancialmente verticales y una abertura para el paso de las cartas procedentes del compartimento de entrada.
En un ejemplo, la abertura es una ranura horizontal. An automatic card shuffler device according to claim 1 is presented. The device includes a microprocessor with a memory to control the operation of the device. An entry compartment is included to receive the letters to be randomized. In an example of the invention, the bottom surface of the input compartment is stationary. In another example of the invention, the bottom surface can be moved in a vertical direction through an elevator.
A card shifting mechanism moves the cards individually from the input compartment to a card mixing compartment. The card mixing compartment includes a plurality of substantially vertical supports and an opening for the passage of the letters from the input compartment.
In one form of the invention, the opening consists of a groove. The card mixing compartment also includes a movable lower support surface and at least one stationary grip arm, a lower edge of the grab arm being close to the opening and the grab arm and the opening allow the letters to pass inside the card mix compartment just below the group of cards caught. The grip arm is capable of suspending a card or a group of cards of a randomly determined size above the opening. In one example, the opening is a horizontal groove.
The device preferably includes a comprehensive automatic calibration system. One of the functions of the automatic calibration system is to identify the position of the support lifting platform with respect to the lowest grip position of the grips so that the pile of cards can be separated by a precise place from the pile and thus can be accurately raise a certain number of cards and a series of insertion positions of the specific cards can be determined for the insertion of the cards in the random card pile.
Another function of the automatic calibration system is to determine the number of incremental movements of the stepper motors of the elevator corresponding to the thickness of each card. This information is then used to determine the precise location of the elevator to form each of the separation points in the group of cards while shuffling. An elevator is included to raise and lower the mobile support surface of the cards. During operation, the vertical position of the elevator is selected randomly and the support surface moves to the selected position.
After the grip arm grabs at least one side of the cards, the elevator lowers, suspending a group of cards and creating a space or insertion point under the grip arm, where a single card moves from the compartment of entry to the created space, thus randomizing the order of the cards. A method for calibrating a shuffling machine before and after randomization of a group of cards is described.
The method consists of the steps of placing a group of cards to be randomized in a card input tray and removing a calibration letter from the input tray, and placing the card in the card randomization zone, also known as the zone of letter collection. The elevator and the handles are operated until the precise location of the lowest card that can be grasped is identified. Well before or after this calibration process, the width of the letter is measured and the handles are adjusted so as to subject the letters a sufficient tension to suspend the entire group of cards to be shuffled.
According to the invention, the cards are fed individually from the letter inbox and supplied to a card collection area. The card collection area has a movable bottom surface and a stationary opening to receive the letters from the inbox. The method consists of raising the lower moving surface to a randomly determined height and grabbing at least one edge of the group of cards that is in the card collection area by a point just above the stationary opening.
The method also consists of the steps of lowering the mobile bottom surface to create an opening in a pile of cards formed on the bottom surface, where the opening is located just below the lowest point at which the cards are grasped and introducing a Letter removed from the input tray in the opening.
A device capable of automatically calibrating is described which can make adjustments automatically to process charts of different dimensions. The device includes a card input tray, a card shifting mechanism that transports the cards from the input tray to the card collection area; an elevator within the card collection area that raises and lowers the group of cards fed; a device capable of suspending all or a portion of the cards fed above the card feeder; and a microprocessor that selects the position of the pile in which the next card should be inserted and instructs the device with suspension capacity and the elevator to create a gap and then instructs the card shifting mechanism to insert the card.
Figure 1 shows a perspective view of an example of the outer cover of a shuffling apparatus of the present invention Figure 2 shows a sectional side view of the internal elements of a shuffling apparatus according to the principles of the present invention. Figure 3 shows a perspective view of a transport mechanism of letter transport according to an embodiment of the invention. Figure 4 shows a top view of a movement mechanism for transporting letters according to a embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 5 shows a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of a collection system with a single or mixed belt actuator to move the pickup elements. Figure 6 shows an elevated perspective view of an embodiment of a shuffling apparatus according to the invention. Figure 7 shows a sectional side view of an embodiment of a shuffling apparatus according to the invention. Figure 8 shows a perspective view of a second example of the outer cover of a shuffling apparatus of the present invention. Una vez finalizado el barajado, las cartas son elevadas y ya pueden ser retiradas por el encargado o crupier y ser utilizadas para ser repartidas.
Al tiempo que se reparten las cartas, se aleatoriza un segundo grupo de cartas. El uso de dos grupos de cartas elimina cualquier espera por parte del crupier An automatic shuffling device for forming a group of randomly arranged game cards is described. An embodiment of the device of the present invention shuffles between one and eight or more decks of cards standard deck or decks of 52 cards each or 52 cards plus one or two jokers and is especially suitable for providing random batches of cards for such games.
Another embodiment of the invention is suitable for shuffling a single deck or two decks of cards. The device includes an upper surface and a lower surface, a card receiving area for receiving a group of initial game cards to be randomized and a randomization system for randomizing an order of the group of initial game cards.
The device also includes a card collection area and a card collection surface disposed within the card collection area to receive the random playing cards, where the collection surface receives the cards in such a way that all Letters are introduced into the pickup area below the top surface of the device.
An elevator is included to raise and lower the collection surface during shuffling, and to raise the shuffled card group alternatively referred to as "random" at least as high as the upper surface of the device after being shuffled i. The lowest card in the shuffled card group rises to a level where it can be easily and manually removed from that level, preferably the lowest card being at the same level as or above a plane that defines the upper surface of the device.
A card suspension mechanism, such as a pair of handles held opposite each other, grab some or all of the cards arranged on the card collection surface. The elevator is lowered, creating a hole or insertion point for the next card to feed. Once the shuffle is finished, the cards are raised and can already be removed by the manager or dealer and used to be dealt.
While the cards are dealt, a second group of cards is randomized. The use of two groups of cards eliminates any waiting by the dealer. There are a number of special features that have been combined to make the present invention represent a significant advance over card shuffling systems and processes for shuffling cards previously described.
Among the individual characteristics that represent an advance, alone or in combination with other characteristics, it is possible to include a system to automatically calibrate and inspect the position and performance of an elevator to move the group of final random cards upwards so that the dealer or the dealer Customer can access the heap. In an example of the invention, the elevator raises a group of cards to the surface of the game table.
In an example of the invention, the card collection area has a plurality of vertical supports for example, 2 or 3 walls, or four walls with an area that can be accessed with the hand in which the card can be taken lower card and a lower mobile surface. The elevator supports this movable bottom surface also referred to herein as a collection surface and causes the surface to move back and forth relatively up and down in a substantially vertical direction. The insertion of the cards can be carried out in several ways, for example, by raising or dropping a section of the moton and inserting one or more and preferably only one letters into the recess, placing the pile near a card insertion position.
According to that invention, the card pickup, grabber or hanger system is fixed in the vertical direction. By randomly selecting a vertical position for the mobile base of the card receiving area before collection, the location of an opening created in the pile of cards can be varied by grabbing a portion of the cards and lowering another portion of the cards below the grip area, causing random insertion of the cards in these openings randomization of the cards. Scroll rollers are the preferred mechanism provided for moving individual letters from the card receiving area to the inside of the card collection area, although air jets, belts, injection plates, injection blades can also be used and the like, to move individual letters or small numbers of cards for example, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 cards to the card receiving area.
In an example of the invention there is a zone of stabilization of heaps to receive raised final raised group of cards from the area of card collection. This pile stabilization zone should be placed or can be placed on top of the top of the device or starts at the top of the device.
In another example of the invention, the elevator itself is equipped with a pile stabilization structure that is lowered to the inside of the shuffler before the randomization of the cards. In an embodiment described below in more detail, a supply or lifting platform provides its own card stabilization zone or together with an elevator drive arm forms such a card stabilization zone.
In an example of the invention, a single belt actuator is included to drive two separate and vertically arranged collecting elements facing each other of a card segment collection system. The pick-up elements are arranged vertically along the movement path of the card collection area on the collection axis, and are arranged horizontally or facing each other.
A microprocessor is included that makes use of a random number generator to identify or create a desired distribution including random of an initial group of cards in the card receiving area at the end of the shuffle. The microprocessor executes the movement of the elements of the shuffling apparatus, including the opposing pick-up elements and the elevator to effect the placement of each of the cards in the spaces of the pile created by the shuffling apparatus, and a random group of cards is quickly formed.
That microprocessor in the shuffling device or in an associated game device or an independent or parallel microprocessor is used to direct the calibration steps. In an example of the invention, the pick-up elements move horizontally to grip the opposite edges of a group of cards. Other suspension systems are contemplated, such as inserting a flat member between the cards above the point of separation.
Cada vez que los elementos de soporte de cartas soportan un grupo siguiente de cartas, el elevador que se encuentra debajo de la zona de recogida de cartas se baja, bajando un grupo de cartas restante y creando un hueco. The individual and combined elements of the invention will be described in detail after offering a more general description of the invention. A first general description of the invention is a device for forming a group of random game cards comprising: an upper surface and a lower surface of said device; a reception area for a group of initial game cards; a randomization system to randomize the order of the initial game card group; a collection surface in a card collection area to receive random playing cards; an elevator to raise the collection area by the letter collection area; and at least one card support element within the card collection area that is fixed horizontally with respect to the vertical.
The card support element will support and suspend a precise number of a randomly determined number of cards within the card collection area to create a gap or space within the pile of cards that is within the collection area that is a insertion point of letters. The card insertion point or hole is created in the card collection area just below the lowest portion of the card support element or elements. Each time the card support elements support a next group of cards, the elevator below the card collection zone is lowered, lowering a remaining group of cards and creating a gap.
El dispositivo incluye convenientemente un microprocesador conectado al dispositivo de modo que puedan comunicarse. The device may have one or more card support elements comprising at least one element arranged vertically on at least one side of the card collection area. In an alternative, the card support elements include at least two opposing support elements such as flexible or soft grip elements eg, polymeric, elastomeric, rubber or rubber coated that can move inward along a horizontal plane within the card collection area to come into contact and support the opposite edges of at least a portion of the pile, or submonton or group of cards.
Or, a horizontally arranged flat member, such as a pair of forks or a flat plate can be inserted between the cards so that, when the elevator is lowered, an insertion or hollow point is formed. The submonton can be defined as all the cards in the pickup zone that are in or on top of a randomly selected card or position in the heap within the card pickup area.
The device conveniently includes a microprocessor connected to the device so that they can communicate. In an example of the invention, the microprocessor is programmed to determine the distance that the card support surface must be moved vertically to place each of the cards in the desired order inside the pile. In an example of the invention, cards fed to the card collection area can be placed anywhere in the pile, including the upper or lower position.
This flexibility advantageously allows a more random shuffling and avoids "dead" areas within the pile of cards collected. The device of the present invention advantageously detects the length or width of the cards and adjusts the horizontal distance between the grip arms so that letters of different lengths or widths can be suspended. Whether the width or length is detected depends on the location selected by the grabber designer within the card collection area.
Una vez realizado el ajuste final, la cartas se suspenden y se detecta su presencia. El microprocesador retiene entonces este ajuste de la distancia del mecanismo de agarre. In an example of the invention, the microprocessor instructs the device to feed a first card in the card collection area and to grasp the card at a width that represents the width of a group of standard cards.
If the sensors detect that there is a suspended card it is not necessary to adjust the horizontal separation between the grip arms. If no suspended letters are detected, the microprocessor instructs an adjustable grip support mechanism to move a predetermined distance and to repeat the grip and detection process. Once the final adjustment is made, the cards are suspended and their presence is detected.
The microprocessor then retains this adjustment of the distance of the grip mechanism. Alternatively, if the processor instructs the grippers to suspend one or more cards and no suspended cards are detected, the adjustment sequence is activated.
This entire process will be described in more detail below. The microprocessor is connected to the device so that it can communicate with it and is preferably placed inside the outer cover of the device. The microprocessor can be programmed to lower the card collection surface within the card collection area after the card support element at least has contacted and supported letters by suspending a group of cards within the area card collection, creating two vertically separated sub-cards, one suspended, separated by a hole or opening between the cards.
Cuando el elemento de soporte de cartas se mueve para entrar en contacto con las cartas que se encuentran dentro de la zona de recogida de cartas y el elevador mueve la superficie de soporte de cartas hacia abajo, se forma un hueco para recibir la carta siguiente. The microprocessor can direct the movement of one or more individual cards to the gap created between the two segments upper and lower of cards.
The microprocessor can be programmed to randomly determine the distance that the card support surface must move vertically to place at least one specific card. This method, including measuring the thickness of the letters, will be described in more detail below. In an alternative, the microprocessor can be programmed to select a specific position for the cards below or above a given card, creating the gap.
When the card support element moves to come into contact with the cards that are within the card collection area and the elevator moves the card support surface down, a gap is formed to receive the next card. The elevator works in only one way to place the cards with respect to the pickers or grips that are inside the shuffling chamber. This unique mode of operation offers a number of significant advantages that eliminate the need for human intervention during configuration or continuous operation of the shuffling device.
Among the unique alternative and optional features of the operation of the shuffling device of the present invention, the following sequence of events may be included. These events do not necessarily need to be combined within a single process to represent the steps of the invention, since individual steps or combinations of two or more steps can be used to define the processes of the invention. To calibrate the shuffling device of the present invention to work for a particular card size, a group of calibration cards is introduced comprising at least one card usually one although two, three, four or more cards can be used in Shuffle the camera before shuffling.
The elevator base plate that defines the base of the shuffling chamber moves the group of calibration cards to the position within the chamber that approximates a position within the grabber not necessarily at a level or position equal to the bottom of the handles , and the handles move inwards towards the opposite edges of the cards and try to grab the card s.
If the grabber grabs the card s , a sensor identifies either that the card s have been grabbed by the handlers or that the card s remain on the pickup surface of the elevator depending on the position of the sensors. If there is no sign that one or more cards have been grabbed, the grippers then move inwardly approaching each other horizontally a predetermined number of steps e.
The microprocessor identifies a fixed progression of steps of predetermined step sizes that are used in this grip calibration in addition to the position with which the grip was achieved. It is logical to proceed with the identification of the grip first. The handles move in a predetermined distance initially and during the repetition test.
For example, in the first attempt to grip, the grips can move 10 or 15 or any other number of steps. Initially, a number of steps greater than one step or unit is convenient to ensure that a quick first grip is achieved. Upon detection of the first grip of one or more cards, the microprocessor will extend the grip a predetermined number of steps individual steps can be used here but the enlargement will not occur until no card has been grabbed. Once there is no card grabbed, a sufficient number of steps are added to the grabber movement to ensure the grip and even a slight elastic curvature of the card by the grabs so that more cards can be supported and the cards cannot be supported.
This can be 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15 or any other number of steps to ensure a secure grip occurs. This procedure defines the "grip" and "card release" position of the handles for a particular group of cards.
The microprocessor records the stepper motor positions corresponding to the grabber positions and uses this information to place the gripper during shuffling. Ahora hay que ajustar el desplazamiento de la plataforma a diferencia del posicionamiento de desplazamiento del agarrador.
Now you have to adjust the displacement of the platform as opposed to the grip positioning of the grabber. The elevator is placed in a base or initial position, which may be the position of the elevator the height of the elevator in the lowest possible position, or in a position under a structural support at the base of the collection chamber or in Any other default position.
De nuevo, esto puede ser 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, The number of steps taken each time for the first gripping action is preferably greater than individual steps to ensure that this card will be grasped by the lower edge of the grips. Again, this can be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Once the calibration card s have been grabbed, it indicates that the platform has already raised the cards to at least the bottom of the grips.
Once the grip takes place, the lift lowers a smaller number of incremental stop positions a finer adjustment and a new position is evaluated to see if the grippers would then grab the calibration chart. The process is repeated until the calibration chart is just below the lowest grip position.
This position is then registered in memory. Repositioning is achieved by lowering the elevator and the support plate to a position much lower than the handles and then raising the plate to a position a predetermined number of steps lower than the last position in the card or cards that were caught and detected If the card was caught in the new position. Depending on the arrangement of the sensors, plates and cards, it is possible to simply release the card, then lower the elevator one or a greater number of predetermined steps, try to grab the card again later and detect if the card has been caught.
Once the card has been lowered just below the handle, a second calibration card is added to the card collection surface. The precision of the system allows options in the practice of the invention such as the following. After a single card has been grabbed and a position has been determined in which that single card will not be grabbed with a slightly lowered elevator position for example, downward movement, which can be anywhere between 2 and 20 steps or more , another letter or calibration letters can be inserted into the shuffling chamber above the calibration card s.
The elevator and the handles can then be tested with the elevator by moving individual steps until the sensor or sensors determine that one card has been grasped and raised from the support plate and another or other letters remain on the support plate. To this position is added a number of steps equal to the thickness of a card, and this final position is defined as the displacement of the platform and identifies the position in which the lowest card will be raised from the support plate.
La diferencia entre las distancias representa el grosor de la baraja o del grupo de cartas. Before inserting the first calibration letter, the elevator is raised to a predetermined detected position in the card collection area and that position or elevation is recorded in memory.
After the insertion and randomization of the first group of cards, the procedure is repeated, this time measuring the height of the elevator when the top card of the pile was at the original height of the elevator or measuring a new height of the top of the pile of cards when the elevator returns to the registered position.
The difference between the distances represents the thickness of the deck or group of cards. As each card is fed on the card collection surface, the number of cards is counted and that number is recorded. The processor uses the two information data to calculate an average thickness of the letters and associate the number of motor steps with the thickness of a letter. This information is then used for elevator positioning for precise placement in the next shuffle.
At this point, you can enter the rest of the cards of the card or decks in the shuffling chamber either directly or in the card receiving chamber and then in the card shuffling chamber. The system can then check the effectiveness of the grabs by raising the deck to a level where all the cards would be grabbed, the grabs grab the entire deck one, two, three or more times and the elevator is lowered.
If no card falls into the camera, the system can proceed with normal shuffling procedures. If the grippers leave a card or a card falls back into the shuffling chamber, the grip action can be adjusted automatically or manually by an operator signal so that a greater force is exerted on the cards and then the process is attempted Lift the deck again until the entire deck is raised.
The calibration process will have to be repeated in the event of an incorrigible failure in a complete test procedure for lifting the deck. The shuffler preferably includes a multi-segment information display such as that described in Breeding et al. The calibration process described above is preferably repeated periodically to compensate for the bulge and curvature of the letters. In a preferred form of the invention, two cards are inserted into the device and separated before each shuffle to verify if the device is still well calibrated.
If the cards are not separated, the calibration sequence is repeated. The device of the present invention includes a jamming function similar to that described in Breeding et al. However, after the fourth failure or any other number of failures of clearing a jam, one or more of the calibration functions described above are automatically activated. This element of the total calibration process will thus calibrate the shuffling device before any shuffling procedure takes place with respect to the position of the lower card the card that touches the base plate or the elevator support plate based on move the elevator up and down, grab and grab the cards again to identify a position where no card is grabbed and then only one card is grabbed.
The other grip-regain procedure of the total calibration process will also identify and calibrate the shuffling apparatus with respect to the unique size of the cards arranged in the shuffling apparatus. Based on the knowledge of how many cards have been inserted into the shuffling chamber in the group preferably 1 card and then two cards in total , the microprocessor identifies and determines the position of the elevator support plate and the correct position of the elevator support plate with respect to the handles, as well as the relative height of the number of cards in the group on the elevator support plate.
This information is saved for use with the particular pile of cards to be used in the shuffling process. The calibration distance is usually within a range of The positioning, repositioning and grip of the cards are done automatically and are directed by the microprocessor or an additional microprocessor there may even be a central network control computer, but the preferred device is a microprocessor.
The elevator and grabs are moved by steps or micro steps in a micro-stepping motor or other fine movement control system for example, a hydraulic system, screw system, gear system, and the like. The use of the automatic process eliminates the need to have technicians who configure the individual machines, which must be done at regular intervals due to the wear of the parts or when the letters are replaced. As indicated, the positioning can be done with a calibration group as small as a single chart.
Once the automatic calibration or position determination has been performed, the microprocessor remembers that position and the shuffling can be started with the pile of cards from which the calibration cards were taken. This calibration or pre-working protocol can be used in conjunction with any system in which an elevator is used, whether handles, letter inserting devices, injectors and the like as described above are used with it, and not only the specific device shown In the figures.
A similar calibration system can also be used to determine the specific positions of the carousel chambers in a carousel shuffling device, without handles. The carousel can be rotated and the position of the carousel shelves relative to other functional elements of the device can be determined.
For example, card reading devices, card injection components, card withdrawal elements and card receiving cameras can be calibrated with respect to each other. As is known by those normally versed in the art, there may be variations in the choice of components, the sequence of steps and the types of steps performed, although these changes continue to reflect the spirit and scope of the invention. In addition, the card collection chamber does not have to be arranged vertically.
The camera could be angled to the vertical to improve contact between the edges of the cards and the support structure that is within the card collection area. As indicated, this description reflects a detailed description of the preferred practice of the invention with grips. Alternative systems, such as those that include nozzles or wedges for the heaps, can also be used with the calibration system of the invention, where the modifications reflect the different systems. For example, when the calibration in the preferred embodiment refers to the level of the handles with respect to the letters and the support plate of the elevator, the system can be transferred to the calibration of air injectors, wedge elevators and propeller injectors or of plate.
This is done by an equivalent procedure for identifying the position of one or several cards placed on a support plate. For example, instead of performing repeated tests with a grabber, repeated tests with an air injector to see when a card is ejected or injected when operating , repeated tests with a propeller or plate injector to see when a letter it is ejected or injected when it works , or a wedge separator with the insertion of one or more associated cards to see when the pile [for example, a single card or a number of cards] is raised or when a card can be ejected or injected when operating with minimal force.
The device of the present invention can also control the thickness of the cards and uses this information to determine the location or position in the heap when the separation has to occur with great precision. In another embodiment, a first sensor located in the shuffling chamber detects the height of the platform within the shuffling chamber in its lowest position before the randomization process begins, when there are no cards in the shuffling chamber.
The sensor could also detect the position of the platform at any other predetermined or "initial" position or assign such a nomenclature to a position. After randomization, when all the cards have been transferred to the shuffling chamber, the platform returns to this same position, and the same or a different sensor located in the shuffling chamber also referred to herein as the pickup camera can detect the height of the top card of the pile.
The difference between the two measurements represents the thickness of the pile of cards. This is an alternative method to measure the thickness of the heap. Sensors such as optical sensors, sonic sensors, physical sensors, electrical sensors, and the like, as described above detect the cards as they are fed individually from the input tray to the shuffling chamber.
This information is used by the microprocessor to verify that the expected number of cards is present. In an example of the invention, if letters are missing or if extra cards are present, the screen will indicate that there has been a bad deal and will be downloaded automatically. El microprocesador utiliza las dos mediciones de la altura y el recuento de las cartas para calcular un grosor medio de las cartas.
The microprocessor uses the two measurements of the height and the count of the cards to calculate an average thickness of the letters. This thickness measurement is used to determine how high the elevator should be to separate the pile between any two "target" cards. El grosor medio de las cartas puede volverse a calcular cada vez que se active el barajador al encenderlo, o conforme a un programa tal como cada 10 a 30 minutos, con intervalos de 20 minutos como en un ejemplo preferente.
The average thickness of the cards can be recalculated each time the shuffler is activated when turned on, or according to a program such as every 10 to 30 minutes, with 20 minute intervals as in a preferred example. Bajo condiciones de humedad, puede que resulte conveniente comprobar el grosor de las cartas con una frecuencia menor que cada 20 minutos.
The inventors have recognized that the thickness of the deck increases the more the cards are used, and as the humidity increases in the air, and when the cards wear out. Under humid conditions, it may be convenient to check the thickness of the letters less frequently than every 20 minutes. Under extreme conditions of continuous use and high humidity, it may be convenient to recalculate the average thickness of the cards after the completion of each shuffle. Here we present a new method to determine a measurement of the average thickness of the cards while shuffling as an invention.
The method is to provide a pile of cards, provide a card feeder capable of performing a relative movement between the card feeder and the pile, and measure an initial position of the platform for the piles. The average thickness of the cards is advantageously used to determine the position of the card holders used to grip the cards. When lowering the platform below the grips, an opening is formed in a precise predetermined place, which allows the precise placement of the next card between two "objective" cards.
According to the present invention, there is a sensor placed at an insertion point in the group of cards in the card collection area. Each time a hole is formed, the sensor verifies that the hole is open, for example, that there are no letters suspended or hanging due to static forces. The card feeder is activated when the sensor indicates that the opening is clear. This method avoids jamming and allows faster shuffling compared to the programming of a time delay between the grip of the cards and the subsequent lowering of the elevator and the insertion of the next card.
Another general description of a preferred device according to the invention is a device for forming a random group of playing cards comprising: an upper surface and a lower surface of said device; a reception area to support a group of initial game cards to be randomized; a randomization system to randomize the initial game card group; a collection surface in a card collection area to receive the random playing cards, the collection surface being able to move in a vertical direction.
In an example of the invention, the letters are received on the collection surface, being placed either directly on the surface or indirectly on a surface supported letter. In this example, all the cards that are being randomized are inserted into the card collection area at a place below the upper surface of the device.
In an example of the invention, the cards are individually removed from the bottom of the pile that is located in the area of receiving letters and fed in the area of card collection. An elevator is included to raise the collection surface so that at the end of the shuffle, at least some of the random cards are raised to a position on or above the top surface of the device.
The elevator must be able to lift all or part of the random cards to a position at or above the upper surface of the device. There may be a cover to protect or cover the cards until they are raised to the supply position from which a dealer can remove the cards by hand. The device may have a pile stabilization zone defined by a series of confinement walls that define a shuffled card supply zone that confines all random cards along at least two, and preferably three, edges after elevation of the random cards.
Alternativamente, la propia superficie de recogida de las cartas, los elementos colocados sobre la superficie superior del barajador o los elementos que se mueven por encima de la superficie superior del barajador pueden actuar para estabilizar las cartas para que los crupieres puedan sacarlas con mayor facilidad con las manos.
Alternatively, the card collection surface itself, the elements placed on the top surface of the shuffler or the elements that move above the top surface of the shuffler can act to stabilize the cards so that the croupiers can remove them more easily with hands. The present invention also contemplates the elevation of the shuffled group of cards to the top surface of the shuffler, where there are no confinement structures around the cards.
In an example of the invention, the top surface of the shuffler is mounted flush with the surface of the game table and the cards are supplied directly to the surfaces of the game table after being shuffled. La zona de suministro puede estar colocada de modo que su superficie interior inferior quede al mismo nivel que la superficie superior del barajador. La superficie interior inferior se puede elevar por encima de la superficie superior o colocar debajo de la superficie superior del barajador.
The supply area may be positioned so that its lower inner surface is at the same level as the upper surface of the shuffler. The lower inner surface can be raised above the upper surface or placed below the upper surface of the shuffler. In an example of the invention, the lower inner surface is at the same level as the upper outside of the shuffler.
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An exacta bet is a common horse racing wager that requires you to pick the top two finishers of a race in the correct order. Sometimes referred to as a perfecta bet, an exacta is a step further than a traditional win, place, show bet. Odds for a straight exacta bet for the Derby would look something like this:. If this comes true, you would win your exacta bet. If Gunpowder finishes first and Mister Ed finishes second, you would lose your racing wager because you must select the horses in the exact order.
This is a variation of a straight exacta with more options. This means you can choose more than two horses. If you choose three horses, any two of them need to finish in the correct order. Using the same fictional horses from the above Kentucky Derby betting example, you can make an exacta bet that features BoJack Horseman, Artax and Black Beauty. You now have six possible combinations that could result in a winning ticket:.
Depending on the racebook or horse racing track, you could select anywhere from three to eight horses. However, if you make an accurate pick and win your bet, your winnings will be more substantial and you could see yourself with a larger profit. For instance, if Mister Ed is favored to win the Kentucky Derby, your ticket could look something like this:.
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